Diamonds are ancient, formed deep inside the earth. They are made of pure carbon that formed millions of years ago in the Earth’s mantle, 100 miles below the surface, when the conditions were right — crushing pressure and intense heat. Diamonds have the highest hardness of than any bulk material and the ability to disperse light of different colors.
Botswana is the world’s biggest producer of diamonds, generating 30 percent of all diamonds; there are also major mining operations in Russia, Angola, and Canada.
Diamonds Standard Shapes
Diamonds are cut into ten standard shapes, and round is by far the most common choice, making up 75% of all diamond purchases. In part because they’re so popular, round diamonds cost more than other shapes.
In fact, you can save up to 40% by choosing a non-round diamond. Some non-round shapes that are also very popular, but less pricey, are the princess cut (which is square) and the cushion cut (somewhere in between a round and a square, featuring softly tapered edges).
Since resizing a ring means cutting out a sliver and then either adding more metal or closing the gap, many antique rings, with engraving or gems that wrap around the entire band, and rings with a tension setting cannot be easily resized. Because of this, it’s best to buy the right size from the get-go.
Choose A Precious Metal
The main choices for engagement ring metals are platinum, white gold, yellow gold, and rose gold. Platinum is the most expensive metal for your setting because it’s the most difficult for jewelers to manipulate, but it’s far more durable than white gold as it develops a soft patina with wear instead of scratching. Platinum and white gold are the most popular choices.
These two metals look very similar, but platinum is more durable and costs about 50% more.Platinum bands are worth the price tag. Palladium is another good option. Palladium is platinum’s sister metal, which is also very white, durable, and won’t tarnish — only it’s less expensive than platinum, being more price-comparable to white gold.
Don’t take it off
It’s never a good idea to take your ring off, especially when you’re away from home — that’s the time when rings are most likely to be lost.
They’re past Z on the color scale and naturally come in colors like deep yellow, pink, or vivid blue; they are more expensive since they’re rarer. Kelly Clarkson, Carrie Underwood, Heidi Klum, and Jennifer Lopez have all had colored diamond engagement rings.
Each diamond should be laser-engraved with an individual serial number, so you could prove it’s yours if it was ever lost. The ID number also makes it impossible for the diamond to be secretly substituted during any cleanings or repairs down the line.